This is important in order to improve their productivity and at the same time, increase output. These practices to be improved are generally known as Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs). According to FAO, GAPs are a “collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post- production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agriculture products, while taking into account economic, social and environmental sustainability”. Simply put, GAPs are encompassing (everything agriculture) focusing on food safety, farmers or farm workers' welfare, traceability, environment and livestock welfare amongst others.

In reality, the essence of GAPs is to ensure sustainability; human race should not go into extinction as a result of hunger nor other factors contributed by activities in the agricultural sector. Therefore, smallholder farmers need to embrace GAPs at the different stages of production in order to ensure that activities carried out are well thought of (having minimal negative effects) and do not pose any negative impacts on the environment, food or the people.

Hence, training and retraining of smallholder farmers should be a top priority of organizations working with farmers and farmers' groups in order to build their capacity to achieve sustainability (economic, social and environment).

In conclusion, achieving sustainability should not be limited to food alone; rather a holistic approach should be adopted. Also, sustainability is a MUST that we MUST endeavor to attain as it provides leverage to reduce the impact of climate change on production activities when adopted by the farmers. It is a journey we must be ready and capable to go through with the right mindset and necessary skills, and never a destination. Therefore, investing in providing the appropriate information at the right time to the farmers is a noble investment for both the present and the future as food security is guaranteed!