This is one of the reasons sustainable practices are recommended for farmers; both crop and livestock producers. Sustainable practices are activities that enhance economic prosperity, environmental friendliness and socially acceptability.

Practices that do not cause any harm (or negligible harm) to the environment where food is grown or livestock raised; that cannot cause pollution to the soil, air or water bodies in any way, and at the same time increase productivity and even the welfare of the people using it and consuming from its products.

Sustainable practices such as planting of native trees, adoption of rational (that is: the use of less chemical materials and alternative use of eco-friendly materials instead) or organic farming, contour ploughing and harrowing, simple mechanized tools to enhance productivity, amongst others, are higly recommended. And this can only be achieved when farmers are intentionally groomed to see sustainable practices as a must to achieve rather than a buzzword.

this can only be achieved when farmers are intentionally groomed to see sustainable practices as a must to achieve rather than a buzzword
Current realityThis is because we cannot run away from our current realities; climate change is changing how farming is done and we need to up our game to ensure that food is produced (in the right quantity and with the appropriate nutritive value), without causing more harm for the present and future generations. So, achieving food security starts from understanding sustainable practices through appropriate knowledge acquisition, localizing those practices to meet the needs of our current realities and upscale them to help us increase productivity and output in order to meet our increasing population.

Coaching process
Therefore, we need more investment in research and development (R&D) to generate more tested knowledge. Thus, more research work needs to be done to identify new sustainable practices that align with our production systems and our market systems. Also, we need new frontiers of private agricultural extension officers to disseminate this information to the farmers. Not through a one-off training but a coaching process, where farmers are hand-held through step-by-step activities to imbibe the new knowledge.

There is a new ground to break in achieving a sustainable food system and at the same time there is a need for sustainable knowledge to power it for the good of our present and future generations. The knowledge power in sustainable practices must be efficient enough to give the right results that would incentivize the farmers to continue its usage.